Comparing BYOD and One-to-One Laptop Programs in Secondary School Classrooms: A Review of the Literature
Abstract: Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) programs are becoming increasingly popular in secondary school environments (Delgado et al., 2015; Johnson et al., 2014), however, limited research has been conducted on the impact of BYOD learning environments. There has, however, been extensive research on one-to-one (OTO) programs, where schools provide devices for students to use in the classroom. This paper begins with a comparison of BYOD and OTO programs. then provides a review of the OTO literature to guide future BYOD practice and research. BYOD and OTO programs differ on at least four parameters: selection of devices, student personalization of devices, equity between students, and access to devices. It is concluded, though, that these two programs are likely similar with respect to student engagement, learning processes and learning performance. Consequently, research on OTO programs can help inform research and practice associated with BYOD programs.