Scaffolding Approaches Used by Mentors on Robotics Teams
Abstract: Robotics is seen by some as a vehicle for learning and understanding new technologies as students acquire engineering design, electrical and mechanical engineering, and programming skills. Mentors on these out-of-school-time robotics teams play an integral part in providing varying levels of instruction and guidance to their students as their team designs and builds robots. This study used a comparative case study method to examine mentoring approaches, specifically the types of scaffolding, and the associative student behavior on four high school robotics teams competing in an environment focused on inspiring students to enter into science and engineering fields. Outcomes showed the level and timing of mentor involvement and scaffolding to have impacts on student engagement, grit, and skill acquisition.