Cultural Capital and Electronic Reading Performance of 15-Year-Olds: A Multi-National Analysis
Abstract: This study examined the impact of cultural capital on the performance of 15-year-olds on the Electronic Reading Assessment (ERA) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The PISA 2009 international dataset included student performance data collected in nineteen countries through the ERA assessment units, and contextual data collected using the Student Questionnaires. Hierarchical Linear Modeling was used to examine the impact of Bourdieu’s cultural capital and student performance in digital reading. Findings at the student level revealed that the parental education and cultural possessions components of cultural capital had a statistically significant relationship with student performance on the ERA. While ICTs have no doubt reshaped the reading environment and the reading event, reading literacy itself remains tied to one’s traditionally perceived culture.