Constructing Gender in Computer-Using Context: A Literature Review
Abstract: I review a body of recent research dealing with the students’ gender and their use of computers. The research suggests that the gender gap in the computer using context exists due to the socially constructed beliefs and roles, as opposed to attributing it to something innate or immutable. Computer use also shapes as much as it is shaped by the social constructions of gender norms and values. In other words, not only has computer use been influenced by the constructed gender roles and values, but it has also reinforced the gender specific behaviors and bias. I divide the categories of literature into three parts: Literatures reporting on the influence of traditional gender roles, the computer reinforcing the gender roles and values, and the ways in which this gets aggravated as the students’ age group becomes a factor.