Creating an Effective e-Learning Culture: The Pedagogical Variation Model (PVM) for Online Learning and Teaching.
Abstract: The research paper articulates how to create effective e-learning cultures by reducing drop-out, attrition rates thereby increasing retention rates whether in Further / Higher Education as well as in those opportunities facilitating Continuous Professional Development (CPD) in Communities of Practice (COP). It explores how the Pedagogical Variation Model (PVM, Rogers April 2013) for e-learning and teaching identifies four types of e-learners, matching their characteristics regarding their capability in online collaboration and knowledge construction with four e-teaching strategies, relating to e-moderator task-giving (Transactional Leadership) and motivational empowerment (Transformational Leadership). Methodologically inventive approaches were used to underpin the ways in which the PVM was created, developed and evaluated. E-moderators at the University of South Wales (formerly The University of Glamorgan) participated in data gathering by implementing the rationale of Kelly’s (1955) Personal Construct Psychology (PCP) Six elements were selected from e-moderator online strategies, namely (i) socializing (ii) scaffolding (iii) knowledge construction (iv) archiving (v) weaving and (vi) summarizing. An analysis was also made of the results from a customized e-moderator “Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire” (MLQ) based on transactional and transformational leadership (Avolio, Bass and Jung, 1999).Evaluations of the PVM continue by collaborative hypothesis testing (Popper 2002).
Presider: Judi A. Roux, The College of St. Scholastica