Gender Differences on Computer Anxiety: A Meta-analysis of Studies from 1980s to 2010s
Thursday, October 18 10:15-10:45 AM Location: Las Vegas Ballroom 3
Abstract: The present study aimed to employed the meta-analytic approach to examine the gender differences on computer anxiety. Eight-four studies published between 1984 and 2017 and located from 24 countries/areas were collected. Their effect sizes were calculated by using Hedges’s g (1985) formula. In addition, 5 moderators (i.e., sample region, age group, type of publication, year of publication, and instrumentation) were selected to examine their impacts on the overall mean Effect size. The overall mean effect size is 0.189 indicating that, in general, females were slightly more anxious than males when using computers. Moreover, analyses of moderator variables also found that sample region, age group had significantly impacts on the overall mean effect size. Findings of this meta-analysis were compared with previously review and meta-analyses.