The Effects of the Use of Internet and Phone on Students’ Performance across Different Disciplines

ID: 53411 Type: Full Paper
  1. Rajvardhan Patil, Matt Brown, Mohamed Ibrahim, Rebecca Callaway, and Reza Hamidi, Arkansas Tech University, United States

Tuesday, October 16 2:15-2:45 PM Location: Las Vegas Ballroom 4 View on map

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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the use of internet and phone during learning on students’ performance in College of Education, and Engineering & Applied Sciences in a southern university. The present study utilized the theory of mind-wandering framework which postulates that if students experience task-unrelated thoughts and do not remain on a single topic for a long period of time, the students will be distracted from the main learning task and consequently will perform poorly on the main task. Researchers employed between the subjects a design method where data for questionnaire was collected using paper-pencil. For reading task, the assignment and collection of data was either digital or paper-based. Participants were 55 students from the College of Engineering & Applied Sciences and 41 from the College of Education. SAS software was used for all analyses. Stepwise variable selection and chi-square test for independence was used to address research questions. Results of this experiment found that irrespective of whether the task was given digitally or paper-based, it was the learning style that affected the assignment-score. In addition, irrespective of the assignment type (digital or hard-copy), it was the amount of time spent on internet and phone that affected the task completion time. Finally, students who were assigned digital copy of the task were more likely to visit the non-assignment related websites as well as access online help.

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