Online and Face-to-Face Yoga Instruction: How Do These Compare in the Areas of Anxiety and Flexibility?
Abstract: This study employed a nonequivalent pretest-posttest comparison group design to measure whether online yoga is equal to or better than face-to-face yoga in terms of decreased anxiety, increased flexibility, and perceived behavioral intentions to practice yoga in the future. It is important to understand whether online yoga can be a viable method for improving the overall health and wellness of individuals. Based on results, the online format was significantly more effective in reducing the state anxiety of the students as compared to the F2F course. There was no significant difference between groups on trait anxiety. Furthermore, the F2F course was significantly more effective in reducing the appearance anxiety of students as compared to the online yoga course. There was no significant difference between groups on flexibility however, students in both modes of course delivery increased in flexibility. Results of this study suggest that online yoga can reduce certain types of anxiety and be effective in increasing flexibility, which is one of the key factors for maintaining health and wellness in individuals.