Keller's Arcs Model of Motivational Design: An Argument For Motivation In Online Course Instructional Design
Abstract: Motivating students in online course environment can be problematic for many instructors. Substantial research has been conducted on how to motivate learners in online or distance courses. Although there is a growing interest in online courses and programs, the literature indicates that there is little being done to redesign courses to motivate and engage students in course content. Many online learning management systems claim to be the solution to student engagement. However, the research leans more towards the use of motivational strategies to engage students in the course content. The online learning management systems are simply a means for delivering the content. There is a need to communicate to instructors, methods for cultivating self-regulation, and motivation in an online environment. This literature review seeks to initiate critical conversations to identify online activities instructors can implement into their course to cultivate motivation and self-regulation in students.