Students’ perception and use of Moodle as the E-Learning system implemented at a rural University in Zimbabwe
Abstract: Many institutions in the world have invested in the implementation of E-Learning tools such as Learning Management System (LMS) to improve teaching and learning. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate factors that influence the usage of LMS for the effective teaching and learning activities in a rural institution. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was used as a theoretical framework and 120 students responded to a 13-item questionnaire containing two constructs: perceived usefulness (PU), and perceived ease of use (PEU). Results were positive on perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness which influenced the student’s attitude to use the LMS. The results show that the successful implementation of an LMS requires a robust network and continuous upgrade of the bandwidth as the majority of the students felt that network failure negatively impacted on Moodle usage. The paper ends with an argument that in the context of educational struggles with state of the art technology, LMS application as a technological innovation has the impetus to help in bridging the digital divide and leverage some of the challenges faced by rural based institutions and assist students and instructors to utilise open access technologies to improve academic efficiency.