Examining Language Learners’ Use of Learning Strategies and Linguistic Output using Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication during Pre-Task Planning
This study is a report on the findings of a study conducted on university student level classes using Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (SCMC). Students used SCMC as a planning task prior to face-to-face (henceforth F2F) communication. A questionnaire developed for the present study was used to elicit learners’ strategic behavior. The results showed that learners used six strategies; monitoring, retrieving, compensation, communication, planning, and collaboration strategies. Average scores for each of the six strategies were compared against each other, with monitoring strategy showing the highest score of all. Real time recordings and the retrospective interviews also revealed learners’ linguistic output in detail. The most frequently observed strategy used by students was compensation. The overall results suggested the potential benefits of SCMC for language learning.