Exploring the use of iPad App Technologies during Early Literacy Letterbox Interventions with At-Risk/Low Performing Early Readers
The purpose of this research is to investigate the efficacy of using iPad phonemic apps (Phonics Island, EduKitty ABC, and One Minute Reader) on early literacy letterbox intervention instruments during one-on-one pull out tutoring sessions between pre-service teacher candidates and at-risk/low performing early elementary student readers. The letterbox (Elkonin boxes) are used to assist at-risk early readers in isolating and pronouncing initial, medial, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. Traditionally, the letterbox interventions are done hands-on with pre-service teacher generated materials not involving any technology use. In the study here, rather than interact face-to-face with the pre-service teacher candidates, the interventions will be moved to the selected apps. A comparative analysis between the reading assessments given pre- and post-intervention to determine if using the technology as opposed to face-to-face tutoring affected students' final reading scores.