Investigating a Streamlined Process for Submitting Handwritten Work in an Online Environment – The Study
Abstract: When designing a fully online mathematics course, it is critical to give authentic assessment careful consideration. As mathematics courses have evolved in online education, attempts to create reliable assessments have largely taken the form of computer-aided assessments (CAA) or efforts to facilitate handwritten communication. However, CAA is criticized for its lack of comparability to paper-based exams, inability to score partial credit, and other shortcomings. Therefore, handwritten submissions are important for assessing mathematics online. Yet the strategies to do so are many and varied, with no unified approach. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to design a protocol that enables students to submit work in their own handwriting in one, fluid process, without increasing the cost of the course for students and that results in a gradable file, which the instructor may annotate and return to students with specific feedback. The technologies identified by this study were CamScanner and Box for creating and storing PDFs and Canvas, OneNote, and Crowdmark for grading and annotating. After a preliminary investigation, the process identified was implemented in two sections of a fully asynchronous online Business Calculus course.