Investigating a Streamlined Process for Submitting Handwritten Work in an Online Environment – The Instrument
Abstract: The survey instrument developed in this paper was part of a larger research project aimed at developing a streamlined protocol for students to submit handwritten work in a fully asynchronous online mathematics course at Baylor University in Waco, Tx. The purpose of this instrument was to measure students’ affective responses to the process of submitting their handwritten work in an online environment. The resulting exam submission survey was constructed according to a four-step process outlined by Biner (1993) and modified by Roberts, Irani, Telg, & Lundy (2005). The first iteration consisted of ten questions and was validated in the spring of 2020 by two sections of Calculus I, when the coronavirus pandemic forced higher education to be conducted wholly online. The exam submission survey was also administered to students enrolled in two fully asynchronous online Business Calculus courses in the summer of 2020 after Exam 1. The reliability analysis and construct validity of this administration are discussed and used to craft a second iteration of the exam submission survey instrument, which was administered later in the summer of 2020.